Famous Masons

There have been many millions of Masons throughout the history of Freemasonry, and while many were leaders in their communities – Freemasonry, after all, emphasizes leadership – most are not household names. Among the rosters of Masons, though, there have been some famous Freemasons.

== Scientists ==

* Sir Edward Victor Appleton (Physicist and winner of the Nobel Prize in 1947)
* Sir Alexander Fleming (Nobel Prize winner in Medicine)
* Antoine Fourcroy (chemistry pioneer)
* Benjamin Franklin (US Inventor and Politician)
* Sir Bernard Spilsbury (British forensic scientist)
* Sir Christopher Wren (British astronomer and geometer)
* Sir Charles Warren ( Archaeologist)
* Steve Wozniak (co-founder of Apple Computer)

== Artists ==

Many of the artists who were also Masons included elements of Freemasonry in their work:

* Ezra Ames (painter)
* Frederic Bartholdi (Sculptor; sculpted the Statue of Liberty)
* Marc Chagall (Russian artist)
* Gustave Eiffel ( Designer of the Eiffel Tower)
* Félicien Rops (artist)
* Constantin Daniel Rosenthal (Painter)

== Politicians ==

Freemasonry emphasizes leadership, so perhaps it is not surprising that many politicians are Masons. Many royal leaders and US presidents have also been Masons:

* Agustín I (emperor of Mexico)
* José Eloy Alfaro Delgado (President of Ecuador)
* Constantin Argetoianu (Prime Minister of Romania)
* Stephen F. Austin  (The “Father of Texas”)
* Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (Founder of the Republic of Turkey)
* James Buchanan (U.S. President)
* Carol II (King of Romania)
* Sir Winston Churchill
* Francesco Crispi (Prime Minister of Italy)
* Bob Dole
* King Edward VII ( King of Great Britain)
* King Edward VIII (King of Australia, Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, New Zealand)
* Giuseppe Garibaldi (Italian general)
* James A. Garfield (U.S. President)
* King George IV (King of Great Britain)
* King George VI (King of Ceylon, Great Britain, India, Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and Pakistan)
* Warren G. Harding (U.S. President)
* J. Edgar Hoover
* Andrew Jackson (U.S. President)
* Andrew Johnson (U.S. President)
* David Kalakaua (King of Hawaii)
* Leopold I (King of Belgium)
* Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
* Sir John A. Macdonald (The first Prime Minister of Canada)
* William McKinley (U.S. President)
* James Monroe (U.S. President)
* James K. Polk ( U.S. President.)
* Franklin Delano Roosevelt (U.S. President)
* Theodore Roosevelt (U.S. President)
* William Howard Taft (U.S. President)
* Harry S Truman (U.S. President)
* George Washington (US President)
* King William IV (King of Great Britain)

== Entertainers and Musicians ==

A surprising number of musicians, composers, and actors have been Masons. Of these, Mozart is perhaps the most famous. He composed a number of musical pieces for use in Masonic lodges.

* William “Bud” Abbott (of the Abbott & Costello comedy troupe)
* Louis Armstrong (musician)
* Thomas Arne (composer; composed Rule Britannia)
* Johann Christian Bach (composer)
* Irving Berlin (composer)
* Eddy Arnold (singer)
* George Cohan (Broadway star)
* Nat King Cole (pianist and singer)
* Cecil B. DeMille (movie maker)
* Duke Ellington (jazz legend)
* Douglas Fairbanks (movie star)
* Sir W S Gilbert (of the famous ‘Gilbert and Sullivan’)
* Burl Ives
* Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle (composer, Wrote La Marseillaise)
* Harpo Marx
* Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (composer)
* Roy Rogers (actor)
* Will Rogers (actor)
* Richard Bernard “Red” Skelton (actor)
* Sir Arthur Sullivan (half of the famous ‘Gilbert and Sullivan’)
* Michael Richards (Actor)
* John Wayne (actor)

== Writers ==

Many writers who were also Freemasons referred to Freemasonry in their works:

* François-Marie Arouet (better known as Voltaire, writer and philosopher)
* James Boswell (writer)
* Robert Burns (poet)
* Cyriel Buysse (Flemish wrtier)
* Nicolas Chamfort
* Charles de Coster (Belgian writer)
* Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (writer of the Sherlock Holmes books)
* Rudyard Kipling (writer)
* Jean-Pierre Claris de Florian (Poet)
* Alexander Pushkin (Russian writer)
* Friedrich Schiller (German Poet)
* Mark Twain (writer)
* Oscar Wilde (writer)

== Others ==

Freemasons truly embody every class, profession and characteristic. From famous folk heroes to sports figures, company founders and inventors, many famous names were also Masons:

* Benedict Arnold (expelled 1781)
* John Jacob Astor (financier)
* Kit Carson (US Adventurer)
* Walter Chrysler (founder of the Chrysler Corporation)
* Tyrus Cobb (baseball star)
* William F. Cody (known as Buffalo Bill)
* Samuel Colt (manufacturer of Colt revolvers)
* Charlie Conacher (Toronto Maple Leaf ice hockey player)
* Davy Crockett (American folk hero and frontiersman)
* Jack Dempsey (heavyweight boxing champion)
* Jean Henri Dunant (founder of the Red Cross and co-winner of the first Nobel Prize
* Henry Ford (founder of the Ford Motor Company)
* Tim Horton (ice hockey star and founder of the Tim Horton’s donut franchise)
* John Molson (founder of the Molson Breweries)
* James Naismith (inventor of basketball)
* Paul Revere (American hero)

[[Category:Modern Freemasons]]

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